The Gothenburg region is an old and exciting cultural area. The many ruins in the area prove that people were already living here 8,000 years ago. Gothenburg, which was granted its charter in 1621, was intended to act as Sweden´s gateway to the west. Its position was strategic. The area around the mouth of "Göta Älv", the river, had been an important trading centre since the 12th century. The city was built according to Dutch patterns, with streets and manmade canals in a strictly-designed system and a large square, the current Gustaf Adolfs Torg, next to the Large Canal.
Surrounded by walls, bastions and a moat, Gothenburg was one of the most well-defended fortresses in Northern Europe at the end of the century. Three of the fortresses that were built outside the city still stand – "Skansen Kronan", "Skansen Lejonet" and "Nya Älvsborg". "Nya Älvsborg" fortress is located at the mouth of the river.
This neighbourhood is comprised of traditional wooden buildings from the 19th century. It is a pleasant area for a stroll and there are plenty of shops, cafes, restaurants and pubs.
Literally translated as the Fish Church, the fish market sells a huge variety of fish and shellfish and is indicative of the city’s close relationship to the sea.
This amusement park which has 36 rides and attractions has something for everyone. It has a long, flourishing history of beautiful gardens, and is one of the world’s greenest amusement parks featuring hundreds of trees, bushes and flowers. The latest garden attraction is Lisebergs Lustgård, a new park area where spectacular plants, waterfalls and artworks are interspersed with a dramatic landscape. Liseberg also has an exciting sculpture park. There are also restaurants and cafes offering a wide range of dishes.
The artillery magazine for ammunition and grain, and the Torstensson Palace which is now known as the County Govenor´s Residence are two of the few buildings inside the moat which have been preserved from the first decades. The Large Canal and the moat together with the street network and the rectangular districts inside the moat still stand. The buildings which have been preserved from the 18th century are the East India Building, now the city museum, originally a warehouse, auction room and office for the East India Company, and Kronhusbodarna, where the artillery had its workshops. The East India Company, which made Gothenburg a flourishing city, was founded in 1731.
The East-India Company ship Götheborg
Moored at Stenpiren, this sailing replica of an 18th century Swedish East Indiaman is the world's largest operational wooden sailing vessel. The original sank off Gothenburg, Sweden on 12 September 1745 while approaching its home harbour after returning from her third voyage to China. All the sailors survived, but the ship was lost.The building of the replica started in 1995. The hull was launched in 2003, and the rig was fully tested for the first time in 2005. Much of the time spent in the rebuilding was devoted to researching how to rebuild the replica. Between 2005 and 2007 it sailed to China and back and since then it has sailed in Scandinavia and Europe.
A 19th century garden situated in the centre of town. It contains a Victorian greenhouse and a well-acclaimed rose garden. There is also a restaurant and café.
The Southern Archipelago
The car free islands in the south archipelago are easily reached with the boats from Saltholmen boat terminal. Tram 11 from central Gothenburg (or tram 9 during summer) takes you to the terminal in about 35 minutes. During peak season the trams depart approximately every 7-8 minutes and the bus 114 Ö-Snabben is also available during peak season
Gunnebo Stately Home
Gunnebo House and Gardens is one of Sweden's foremost 18th century facilities and is beautifully situated between the lakes Stensjön and Rådasjön in the city of Mölndal, just south of Gothenburg.